These are emotional disorders in the form of excessive sadness (depression) or elation (mania) that persist for a long time.
An affective disorder, especially when associated with depression, increases the risk of other problems such as the inability to perform daily activities and maintain relationships, as well as insomnia, loss of appetite, extreme anxiety, and alcohol addiction.
An affective disorder is diagnosed when sadness or high spirits are felt excessively intensely. They are accompanied by specific or typical symptoms. The physical functioning and the personal life and work life are impaired.